Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences is an interdisciplinary program within the Department of Natural Resources at IUT with both undergraduate and graduate programs. The program seeks to expand knowledge of the physical, chemical, biological and human components of the Earth System, through cutting edge research, rigorous student training and service to the community. Itoffers an interdisciplinary and integrative program designed to equip students with basic skills, capabilities, and knowledge to confront a suite of environmental issues.  The program, established ever since the Department of Natural Resources started its activities in 1993, admitted undergraduate and postgraduate students in environmental sciences. Currently, there are two areas within our graduate program: Environmental Sciences, and Environmental Pollutions.

The research interests of the staff include:

·         Land use Planning

·         Spatial analysis

·         Landscape Ecology

·         VertebratesEcology

·         Molecular Ecology

·         Conservation Biology

·         Environmental Impact Assessment

·         Air,Water, and Soil Pollution

·         Climate Change

The laboratories and equipments available for research and education include:

·         Equipments for air pollution measurement (electrodes for measuring carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen and sulfur oxides),

·         Equipments for measuring water pollutants including special electrodes (ISE) for the measurement of nitrate, chlorine and heavy metals concentrations

·         Instruments for COD and BOD measurements.

·         Laboratory for environmental assessment and GIS analyses

·         Laboratory for wildlife research and ornithology

·         Laboratory for genetics and biotechnology research

Curriculum for the Degree of Bachelor of Sciences in Environmental Sciences

Semester I (fall)

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

3710242

General Microbiology

2+1

3710141

Geology

2+1

3716101

General Botany

2+1

2110103

Chemistry

2+1

1914103

Calculus I

3

 

Semester II (Spring)

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

2010118

General Physics

2

2010119

Physics Lab.

1

3712101

Zoology

2+1

3714103

Recognition and Protection of Environment

2+1

3710140

Genetics

2+1

3710243

Computer acquaintance

1+1

Semester III (fall)

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

2112229

Organic Chemistry

2+1

3716200

Meteorology and Climatology

2+1

2510114

English

3

3710245

Planimetry and Surveying

2+1

3712200

General Ecology

3

3714237

Biology of wildlife

2+1

Semester IV (Spring)

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

3716208

Cartography

1+1

3714205

Soil Sciences

2+1

3710246

Probability and Statistics

2+1

3714210

Principle of Remote Sensing

2+1

3714211

Rural Sociology

2

3714427

Range Plants Identification

1+1

3714201

Human and Environment

2

Semester V (Fall)

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

3714316

Soil and Water Pollutions

1+1

3714311

Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

1+1

371400

Aquatic Plants

1+1

3714312

VertebratesEcology

2

3710344

Natural Resources Economics

2

3716201

General Hydrology

2+1

 

Elective Courses*

2-3

Semester VI (Spring)

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

3714314

Air Pollutions

1+1

3716203

Trees and Shrubs of Iran

1+1

3714402

Fundamentals of Wildlife

2

3714306

Management

1+1

3714313

Environmental Evaluation

2

3710340

National Parks and Forest Parks

1+1

 

Industrial Graphics

2-3

 

Elective Courses*

 

Semester VII (Fall)

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

3716404

Wildlife Management Techniques

1+1

3714400

Conservation Biology

2

3716406

Park Management

2

3714428

Marine& Lake  Ecology

2

3714418

Solid Waste Management

2

3714407

Discussion Group

1

 

Project 

3

Semester VIII (Spring)

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

3714405

Park Designing and Engineering

2

3716330

Soil Conservation

2

3714213

Enviromental Law and Management

2

3714407

Discussion Group

1

3714408

Project

3

 

Elective courses*

2-3

UNDERGRADUATE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

3714213          Enviromental Law and Management                                 2 Cr.

Introduction to thelaw science and the role ofEnvironmental rules, Historical development of Enviromental Laws, introduction to international Enviromental Law, United Nation's Role inEnviromental Law, The importance of Enviroment in UN, The bases of current laws (Islamic, Basic rules and Technical Regulations), TheRole of  Enviromental Law  in Environmental protection, Iranian Enviromental Management Organizations.

3710141          Geology                                                                                  2+1 Cr.

Introduction to the Earth, History of the Earth, Energy and Earth Resources, Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology, Geologic Field Methods, Stratigraphy and Sedimentology.

3716101          General Botany                                                                     2+1 Cr.

Plant physiology, anatomy of stem, root, leaf and flower, Plant morphology, taxonomy of flowering plants, description of major families.

3716320                      Academic English for Natural Resources                           3Cr.

Introduce the most important scientific terms of Range and Watershed management. Steps to  translate and comprehensive English scientific terms.

3710245                      Planimetry and Surveying                                        2+1 Cr.

Introduces the instruments of surveying and their use in the art of determining the relative positions of points and lines on the earth's surface. Covers procedures for keeping proper field notes; causes of errors and mistakes in measurements; methods of determining accurate linear measurements; and procedures for determining distances and elevations by direct and indirect methods. Examines proper use of the transit, theodolite, compass, electronic total station, engineer's level, auto compensating level, alidade, scientific calculator, and global positioning systems.

3716200                      Meteorology and Climatology                                              2+1  Cr.

 Radiation and radiation balance, air and soil temperature, air pressure, wind and general circulation, evapotranspiration, atmospheric humidity, condensation and atmospheric precipitation, climatic classifications.            Prerequisite: General Physics 2010118, Physics Lab. 2010119 

3716205                      Introduction to soil science                                       2+1 Cr.

Soil texture, Soil structure, Soil genesis and classification, Soil biology, Soil fertility, soil chemistry and soil management.

3710246                      Probability and Statistics                                         3Cr.

Random variables and their distribution, Expectation, Special continuous model, Special discrete model, Dependence, Conditioning, Normal model

3710243                      Computer acquaintance                                                       1+1Cr.

General knowledge of Hardware, Operation systems and windows, Internet and Email, MS Word,
MS Excel, Ms PowerPoint

3716208                      Cartography                                                              1+1 Cr.

Topographic map and aerial photograph, Physical characteristics of watersheds, preparation of topographical, hypsometrical, slope classification, Geographical aspects and drainage network maps, ordering network methods, planimetry and scaling maps, Image projection systems, map orientation.

3716206                      Range Plants Identification I                                               1+1 Cr.

Important range plants of Gramineae and Papilionaceae species families, classification and their characteristics.

3716210                      Principles of Remote Sensing                                               2+1 Cr.

Overview and history of remote sensing, the fundamentals of electromagnetic radiation, remote sensing systems: optical, thermal and active, image processing: enhancement, transformations, filtering, pre-processing, classification, applications of remote sensing in relation to soil, water, vegetation and man-made features, practical exercises using image processing softwares

3712200                      General Ecology                                                                    3 Cr.

Scope of ecology. Principles and concepts pertaining to ecosystem, energy flow and transformation, biogeochemical cycles and limiting factors. Organization at the community and population levels, Biome, human and agricultural ecology.

Prerequisite: Biology 37100

3714406                      Park Management                                                    2 Cr.

fundamentals of planning a park; different kinds of parks, ecotourism and the role of parks in providing recreational requirements of people. Environmental Impact assessment of nature-based tourism applied ecological principles and their Implementation in nature conservation. 

Prerequisite: National and Forest Parks 37333

3714313                      Protected areas,  National & Forest Parks                         2 Cr.

 Concepts and history of national parks and protected areas, classification system of parks and protected areas, the role of parks in conservation of biodiversity and human environment; different kinds of parks, protected areas of Iran, IUCN laws and regulations in protected areas

3714403                      Ornithology                                                    1+1Cr.

Identification of birds based on morphological and behavioral characteristics; migration of birds; classification of class Aves.

Prerequisite: Zoology 37101.

3714402                      Fundamentals of Wildlife Management                  2 Cr.

General concepts in relation with wildlife management, ecology and dynamics of wildlife populations; carrying-capacity and maximum sustained yield, management for species conservation and for exploitation.

Prerequisite: Vertebrates Ecology 37312

3714404                      Wildlife Management Techniques               1+1Cr.

Capturing and marking wild animals; physiological indices in wildlife management; estimating the numbers of wildlife populations, habitat analysis and evaluation; habitat improvement techniques; wildlife damage and control techniques.

Prerequisite:  Fundamental of Wildlife Management 37326

3714312                      Vertebrates Ecology                                                  2 Cr.

Introduction to wildlife, adaptations and limitations of wildlife in relation to habitat requirements, wildlife food and nutrition, population dynamics.

Prerequisite: Ecology 37103.

3714212                      Biology of Game Animals                                         2+1  Cr.

Values of wildlife resources, classification of mammals and birds as the most important of games, identification and biology (habitat, migration, behavior, reproduction,...) of these two groups with emphasis on Iranian wildlife.

Prerequisite: Zoology 37101.

3714201                      Human and Environment                                        2 Cr.

 Limits of growth, exponential growth, technology, population, food. pollution and natural resources and the limits of growth, basic demographic concept, human development.

Prerequisite: Environmental Sciences 37203

3714102                      Environmental Sciences                                                        2+1 Cr.

Biosphere, biome, natural resources conservation, protection, diversity, climate change, UNEP, MAB.

3714306                      Environmental Evaluation                                       1+1Cr.

Introduction to land use and landscape ecology, general system theory, biocybernetic, holon concept, ecosystemology,tools, methods, model and application of Landscape ecology. Prerequisite : Environmental Sciences 37203.

3714428                      Marine& lake Ecology                                                          2 Cr.

An introduction to Iranian lakes, Characteristics of marine& lakeenvironment, nature and global distribution of marine organisms, productivity at sea, energetics of marine ecosystems. Zonation at lake, marine communities, sea shores, estuaries, human exploitation of marine ecosystems.

Prerequisite : Ecology 37103.

3716201                      General Hydrology                                                    2+1  Cr.

Hydrologic cycle, rainfall measurement and analysis, evapotranspiration, Infiltration, water budget, surface water and sedimentation measurements.

Prerequisite: Meteorology and Climatology 3716200,  Probability and Statistics 3710246

3710345                      Natural Resources Economics                                             2 Cr.

 The natural resources economic activity as a science; value theory and its origin; capital; economic transactions agents, approaches, commodity; and the agents operations; production dependent, cost marketing; GNP; currency function and planning.

3716330                      Water and  Soil Conservation                                              2+1  Cr.

Erosion: Worldwide and national classification, surface erosion mechanism, methods of measurement and control. Wind erosion, control methods, factors affecting sedimentation, sand dunes, wind breaks and mulches. Prerequisite: General Hydrology 3716291, Introduction to Soil Science 3716205

3714311                      Fundamental of Geographic Information Systems                        1+1Cr.

Scale and projections, GIS data types, GIS hardware demands, GIS software and capabilities, Data collection and editing, Data storage and metadata, GIS display and data sharing, GIS organizational issues.   This course is designed to provide hands on experience using Idrisi 32.

3712450                      Limnology                                                                 2+1Cr.

Physical and chemical features of inland waters and their biological communities, zonation of lotic and lentic waters, techniques of limnological surveys. Field trips and laboratory work included.

3712101                         Zoology                                                                   2+1Cr.

Selected aspects of classification, phylogeny, morphology, development, physiology and ecology of animals. Prerequisite: Biology 37100

3714400                      Aquatic Plants                                                                      1+1Cr.

Morphology and identification of freshwater plants in different habitats, with special emphasis to be given to the identification of local materials, effects of environmental factors on water plants, characteristics of water plants, extensive laboratory and field work included.

Prerequisite: General Botany 37110

3714407                      Group Discussion                                                      1 Cr.

Current topics in fisheries and related subjects.

Prerequisite: Adviser Approval

3714409                      Environmental Science and Agriculture                            2 Cr.

Introduction to agricultural management systems, population growth and food production, soil erosion, soil and water pollution. Effects of agricultural chemicals on natural resources.

3716532                         Advanced Remote Sensing                                                1+1Cr.

Advanced topics in remote sensing such as hyperspectral imagery (methods of analysis and interpretation), examinations of spectral libraries, mapping subpixel components with multi- and hyperspectral imagery, applications of hyperspectral imagery with the focus on rangelands and related topics, practical exercises using image processing softwares Analytical models.

Curriculum for the Degree ofM.Sc. in Environmental Sciences and Environmental Pollution:

The Master of Science Programs in Environmental Sciences and Environmental Pollutionare multi- disciplinary integrated programmes. They aim to provide graduate-level education in Environmental Sciences and Environmental Pollution for senior and mid-levelmanagers and professionals.

Course requirements for the graduate programs:

Core courses for both programs

11 Credits

Core courses for each programs

9 Cr.

Elective courses

5 Cr.

Thesis

6 Cr.

Seminar

1 Cr.

Total

32 Cr.

                                             

1-Curriculum for the Degree of M.Sc. in Environmental Sciences

Semester I (Fall)

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

3716532

Advanced Remote Sensing

1+1

3714614

Land use Planning

2

3714602

Complementary wildlife ecology

3

3716511

Research methodology

2

3714601

Industrial pollution

2+1

Semester II (Spring)

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

3714615

Advanced Geographic Information Systems

2

3714604

Wetland management and migratory birds

3

3714605

Environmental Impacts Assessments

2

3714603

Solid Wastes and Recycling

2

3714901

Seminar

1

Semester III (Fall)

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

9010606

Thesis

6

Semester IV (Spring)

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

9010606

Continue of Thesis

-

2. Curriculum for the Degree of M.Sc. in Environmental Pollution

Semester I (Fall)

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

3716511

Research methodology

2

3714601

Industrial pollution

2+1

3714611

Pollutants Chemistry

2

2118590

Chemical analysis methods of environmental samples

3

3714612

Marine pollution

2

Semester II (Spring)

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

3714615

Advanced Geographic Information Systems

2

3714603

Solid Wastes and Recycling

2

3716526

Advanced Statistical Methods

3

2118595

Sample Preparation Methods and Chromatography

3

3714613

Advanced Environmental Pollution

2

3714901

Seminar

1

Semester III (Fall)

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

9010606

Thesis

6

Semester IV (Spring)

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

9010606

Continue of Thesis

-

GRADUATE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

3714613                      Advanced environmental pollution                                     2 Cr.

Introduction, water and soil pollution, pollutants mobility and transport, modeling of pollutant transport.

3714615                      Advanced Geographic Information Systems                      2 Cr.

Understanding vector and raster models, Spatial raster Analyst basics: local, zonal and global functions, raster calculations, Developing a model for suitability analysis - Automating GIS procedures, Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA), geodatabase topology, overlay & proximity concepts vector analysis and geoprocessing concepts. This course is designed to provide hands on experience using selected extensions to ESRI's ArcView.

3716526                      Advanced Statistical Methods                                  3 Cr

Statistical models, Computation of confident limits, Correlation and two-variate linear regression, Matrices, linear multivariate regression, Non-linear regressions, Harmonic analysis, Profit analysis.

3712340                      Animal Physiology                                                    1+1 Cr.

Basic physiology of regulatory system and cellular organization, aspects of excretory, respiratory, circulatory and nerve system functioning, sensory organs, homeostasis, bioluminescence, color changes, nutrition, digestion and energy utilization.

Prerequisite: Zoology 37101

2118590                      Chemical analysis methods of environmental samples      3 Cr.

Review of concentration and equilibrium, titration and weighting methods, electrochemical reactions, types of electrodes, potentiometry methods, and spectroscopy methods.

3714602                      Complementary Wildlife Ecology                                        3 Cr.

This course provides an overview of the most important methodologies/techniques used by modern ecologists. The first part of the course focuses on the scientific method, designing experiments in ecological researches and choosing the appropriate statistical tests for analyzing the data collected in the field. The rest of the course concentrates on the practical aspects of the ecology such as estimating abundance, methods for measuring spatial pattern of organisms and methods for measuring diversity in an ecosystem.

3714605                      Environmental Impacts Assessment                                    2 Cr.

Introduction, EIA in Iran and worldwide, EIA process and stages, screening and scoping criteria, impact identification & evaluation techniques: checklist, matrix, networks and overlay, predicting environmental impacts: prediction methods, criteria for selecting methods, examples of prediction techniques, mitigation and compensation measures, monitoring and evaluation, planning process and decision making.

3714429                      Fundamentals of Molecular Ecology                                   2 Cr.

Concepts and history of molecular ecology, introduction to molecular genetic tools and their use in natural populations, Collection and storage of genetic samples,  methods for studying genetic variation and overview of field and laboratory methods.

3714601                      Industrial pollution                                                   2+1 Cr.

Introduction on environmental pollution, pollution from chemical industry, iron and steel industry, petroleum industry, power generation, food industry etc., pollution prevention in industry, ISO 14000, LCA.

3714614                      Land use planning                                                    2 Cr.

Introduction (Human actions and natural processes, Limits of growth and basic concepts), history and theory of land use planning, conceptual framework for land use planning, land use goals and design, land suitability analysis and classification,land classification and field inventory methods, computerized land use, use of GIS as a Decision Support System (DSS).

3714612                      Marine pollution                                                        2 Cr.

Introduction on physical, chemical and biological properties of marine environments, source of marine pollution, oil pollution, heavy metal, PCBs, …effects of marine pollution, marine pollution control, international law on marine pollution.

3714611                      Pollutants chemistry                                                  2 Cr.

Air pollutants (NOx, CO, SOx, CFCs, heavy metals, smog,…), chemical oxidation, photo-degradation, water pollution, pesticides, PCBs, PAHs, agriculture pollution.

3716511                      Research Methodology                                                         2 Cr.

Research design and implementation, Introduction to quantitative and qualitative, Intermediate statistics and research design methods, Data gathering techniques.

2118595                      Sample Preparation Methods and Chromatography        3 Cr.

Crliquid-liquid extraction, extraction by solid phase, extraction methods of organic and inorganic compounds, principles of chromatography, gas chromatography,

3714603                      Solid Wastes and Recycling                                      2 Cr.

Generality, Waste production and classification, integrated waste management, biological and thermal treatment of waste, environmental and economic impacts of recycling, recycling of metal, paper, glass and plastic.

3714604                      Wetland management and migratory birds                        3 Cr.

The course includes wetland types and classification, structure of wetlands, wetland values and functions, threats to wetlands, wetland laws and regulations, migration and migratory birds, routes of migration and policy and regulatory issues related to migratory birds and their habitats, wetland restoration and rehabilitation.

3714606          Wildlife and Park management                                           3 Cr.

This course has been designed to provide guidance on the implementation of conservation techniques from assessing and monitoring biodiversity to the planning and management of protected areas. To put the theoretical knowledge of conservation biology into practice, the course provides technical information for identifying conservation problems, utilizing research methodology and suggesting analytical techniques that assist in resolving the problems.